The 66 Books: An exposition of Isaiah
Walker; Philip W. C67 v.
Isaiah 40-66: Translation and Commentary
Cornerstone Bible Commentary Series. Oswalt Call Number: BS O84 vol. The New International Commentary Series. O84 Isaiah by John D. Watts Call Number: BS W35 Among the many liberal positions advocated, this volume argues for the multiple authorship of the book of Isaiah.
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In relatively recent times the book of Isaiah has been embroiled in controversy concerning its authorship. Cheyne contended, for example, that scarcely any lengthy passage anywhere in the book could be the sole work of Isaiah. In fact, Cheyne and others of similar persuasion have suggested that some eighty percent of the book cannot be credited to Isaiah , Modern critics have generally supposed that the book of Isaiah falls into three parts.
Second Isaiah allegedly was written by some unknown scribe in Babylon about B. Finally, Third Isaiah , likewise anonymous, was penned in the fifth century B. It is claimed: a The historical background indicates that this section was written during and after the Babylonian captivity. These claims are highly subjective and speculative, and will not stand in the light of honest investigation.
There is much evidence to support the unity of the entire book of Isaiah. There are historical indications within the book which place chapters before the Babylonian captivity see ; , where Jerusalem and other cities are still standing. It should be noted, though, that, in harmony with his intended purpose, Isaiah sometimes thrusts himself forward in spirit to the time of the captivity to give emphasis to his message. The critics, of course, ignore his prophetic stance. Moreover, in , a section admitted by all to be from Isaiah, there is a prophetic description of the captivity and return.
The argument based upon alleged stylistic differences is highly subjective. The fact is, language similarities are found throughout the narrative. Twelve of these are in Isaiah , and fourteen are in chapters Arguments of a similar nature could be multiplied many times over Martin , Analogous prophetic admonitions in the various portions of the book indicate that the same social and moral problems are being addressed.
Compare also with Yet it is well-known that the Hebrews did not practice idol worship after the fall of Jerusalem. Your brethren who hated you, who cast you out for My name's sake, said, "Let the LORD be glorified, that we may see your joy. First, empty religion hates genuine faith hated you. Second, empty religion rejects true faith cast you out. Fourth, empty religion mocks with spiritual sounding words "Let the LORD be glorified, that we may see your joy". But they shall be ashamed : Most importantly, empty religion will never ultimately triumph.
At the end of days, if not before, they shall be ashamed , when they hear the voice of the LORD, who fully repays His enemies! Isa Rejoicing in the deliverance of Jerusalem. Before she was in labor, she gave birth; before her pain came, she delivered a male child. Who has heard such a thing? Who has seen such things? Shall the earth be made to give birth in one day? Or shall a nation be born at once?
For as soon as Zion was in labor, she gave birth to her children. Rejoice with Jerusalem, and be glad with her, all you who love her; rejoice for joy with her, all you who mourn for her; that you may feed and be satisfied with the consolation of her bosom, that you may drink deeply and be delighted With the abundance of her glory.
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Before she travailed, she gave birth : Isaiah prophesies a day when the victory will come easily to Jerusalem, when she will be as the promise of Romans , more than conquerors through Him who loved us. Here, she gives birth - but without pain! Truly, who has heard such a thing? Rejoice with Jerusalem : All God's people are called to share in Jerusalem's joy. The time of deliverance, victory, and vindication have come!
Be glad with her, all you who love her! If God's people will do this, it will be a blessing for them also: that you may feed and be satisfied with the consolation of her bosom. This intense, great, rejoicing may sometimes make the world uncomfortable and make us the target of mocking. When the world calls us fanatics we are nearing that point of ardor which is our Lord's due. Then you shall feed; on her sides shall you be carried, and be dandled on her knees.
As one whom his mother comforts, so I will comfort you; and you shall be comforted in Jerusalem.
For behold, the LORD will come with fire and with His chariots, like a whirlwind, to render His anger with fury, and His rebuke with flames of fire. Behold, I will extend peace to her like a river : When the Messiah returns in glory and triumph, the peace of Jerusalem will be like a gentle, powerful river that is never disturbed. But not Jerusalem alone: And the glory of the Gentiles like a flowing stream. As one whom his mother comforts, so I will comfort you : God speaks with supreme tenderness to His faithful servants. No one can comfort like a mother, and God will bring that kind of comfort to His people.
A father can comfort, but I think he is not much at home as the work. When God speaks about his pity, he compares himself to their father: 'Like as a father pitieth his children, so the Lord pitieth, them that fear him. When I have seen the little ones sick, I have felt all the pity in the world for them, but I did not know how to set to work to comfort them; but a mother knows by instinct how to do it. The hand of the LORD shall be known to His servants, and His indignation to His enemies : When the Messiah returns in glory and triumph, for some it will be a great blessing - and for others it is be nothing but judgment.
Those who sanctify themselves and purify themselves, to go to the gardens, after an idol in the midst : When the Messiah returns in glory and triumph, He will see through those who practice empty religion. They "shall be consumed together," says the LORD. It shall be that I will gather all nations and tongues; and they shall come and see My glory. I will set a sign among them; and those among them who escape I will send to the nations: to Tarshish and Pul and Lud, who draw the bow, and Tubal and Javan, to the coastlands afar off who have not heard My fame nor seen My glory.
And they shall declare My glory among the Gentiles. Then they shall bring all your brethren for an offering to the LORD out of all nations, on horses and in chariots and in litters, on mules and on camels, to My holy mountain Jerusalem," says the LORD, "as the children of Israel bring an offering in a clean vessel into the house of the LORD.
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I will gather all nations and tongues; and they shall come and see My glory : God has promised a great regathering work among Israel; but He will also do a regathering work among the whole world, some from all nations and tongues to see His glory. One place this finds ultimate fulfillment is around the throne of God Revelation This sign is the same as the sign of the Son of man Matthew Those among them who escape I will send to the nations … to the coastlands afar off who have not heard My fame nor seen My glory : Isaiah makes prophetic reference to the missionary calling and work of God's people.
Of course, God had a missionary intent for Israel, that they would be a priesthood among the nations Exodus and a light to the Gentiles. But even more pointedly, God has commanded the church to the nations , to declare My glory among the Gentiles. Tubal was a son of Japheth, whose descendants settled in north-eastern Europe or Russia and Javan is the biblical name for Greece.
In a limited sense, this is fulfilled by the missionary outreach of the church through centuries. But this is only a partial fulfillment. Ultimately, these may be the , witnesses during the Great Tribulation; they may be Jewish evangelists in the days of the millennial earth. Then they shall bring all your brethren for an offering to the LORD out of all nations : As part of God's ultimate work, as the missionaries go out, the people of Israel ultimately come back, in a magnificent regathering.
This is partially fulfilled now in the Israel's regathered state; but will be ultimately fulfilled in the millennial earth of the Messiah. A remarkable example of modern-day regathering from the Arutz 7 news agency in Israel:. The new arrivals, many of whom have relatives in Israel among the Bnei Menashe who have arrived within the last five years, were brought to Israel under the auspices of the Jerusalem-based Amishav organization.
Amishav is dedicated to locating descendants of the Lost Tribes and returning them to the Jewish people.
This is a triumph of faith. Their return to Zion marks the closing of a historical circle. The Bnei Menashe, with a rich oral tradition tracing themselves back to the Israelite tribe of Menashe, continue to practice many uniquely Jewish customs.
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About 3, Bnei Menashe decided to formally return to the Jewish people about 30 years ago, and began living a fully Jewish life to the best of their ability in accordance with Jewish law. Rabbi Avichail learned of their existence about 20 years ago, and began to investigate their claims to Jewish ancestry. After making several visits there and carefully studying their claims and the relevant history, Rabbi Avichail consulted with leading rabbinical authorities and concluded that there is convincing evidence linking the Bnei Menashe with the Jewish people.
Among the evidence, Rabbi Avichail notes their ancient tradition speaking of the Patriarchs Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; their custom of circumcising male children on the 8th day after birth; and their sacrificial ceremony on an altar reminiscent of the Jewish Temple in which the Hebrew Biblical name of G-d, Mount Sinai, Mount Moriah and Mount Zion are mentioned. And I will take some of them for priests and Levites : The idea is that in that day, God will extend the priesthood beyond its previous boundaries.
This is ultimately fulfilled in the church, because saints are called priests 1 Peter , Revelation , , And it shall come to pass that from one New Moon to another, and from one Sabbath to another, all flesh shall come to worship before Me," says the LORD. For their worm does not die, and their fire is not quenched.