Mass-Mediated Terrorism: The Central Role of the Media in Terrorism and Counterterrorism
She notes that the terrorist calculus is driven by a set of four assumptions:.
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Nacos defines terrorism "as political violence or the threat of violence by groups or individuals who deliberately target civilians or non-combatants in order to influence the behaviour and actions of targeted publics and governments" p. In other words, her focus is on non-state actors, holding that "…when governments commit this type of violence, there are a number of appropriate pejorative terms, such as war crimes, crimes against humanity, human rights violations, genocides, atrocities — and terror.
Having seen Nazi terror from close quarters in Germany herself, Brigitte Nacos is not minimizing state terror. Rather, she argues that characterizing this kind of political violence committed by power-holders in states as 'terrorism' "would actually minimize the enormity of systematic political violence and mass killings of civilians by those in control of states" p. In her discussion of religious terrorism, Nacos not only focuses on Islam but also shows how terrorism has been anchored in some Christian and Jewish traditions.
Her treatment of crucial issues are reflecting the latest scholarly discussions; these are ably summarized before she comes down on one or the other side of the debate. Regarding the question of the effectiveness of terrorism, she concludes, for instance, that "….
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Nacos, as a "born" journalist, is most at home in the discussion of the role of the media. She notes that terrorists want three things; i attention, ii recognition of their grievances, demand and objectives, and iii to win the respect and even gain legitimacy in some circles, countries, or regions p. For Nacos, "…the news media and terrorists are not involved in a love story; they are strange bedfellows in a marriage of convenience" p. To support her argument, she quotes a suspected London-based follower of Bin Laden who told an interviewer, "Terror is the language of the twenty-first century.
If I want something, I terrorize you to achieve it". Brigitte Nacos.
reflectivepundit: Terrorism and counter-terrorism
Mass-Mediated Terrorism, Second Edition , an in-depth look at terrorism, political violence, and mass media, shows how terrorists exploit global media networks and information highways to carry news of their violence along with "propaganda of the deed. Has the Internet strengthened the hands of terrorists to organize, recruit, and spread propaganda?
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How have targets of terrorism used the media to manipulate public opinion and advance their own agendas? From U.
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This revised second edition, which includes a new chapter on public opinion, is updated with analysis of the Iraq war, increasing terrorist attacks abroad, and subsequent counterterrorism measures. It also contains new information on the Arab satellite network Al-Jazeera and the use of the Internet in terrorist efforts. Mass-Mediated Terrorism offers a blueprint both for effective public information and media relations during terrorism crises as well as for ethical news coverage of major terrorism incidents. Contenido Introduction to the Second Edition.
Introduction to the First Edition. Terrorism as Breaking News Attack America. Political Violence as Media Event.